Designer Baby

Designer Baby

This article deals with ‘Designer Baby  – UPSC.’ This is part of our series on ‘Science and Technology’ which is important pillar of GS-3 syllabus . For more articles , you can click here

 

2019 :  Chinese scientist claimed that he helped make the world’s first “genetically-edited” babies in whom a gene linked to HIV was remove using CRISPR technique.

Designer Babies

  • Refers to a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering  to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics.
  • What traits could be changed in a designer baby
    • Gender
    • Appearance
    • Intelligence
    • Disease resistance
    • Personality
 

 

Pros

  • Reduces risk of genetic diseases . Prevent next generation of family from getting characteristic diseases
  • Increases human life span up to 30 years.
  • Better chance the child will succeed in life
  • Better understanding of genetics

 

Cons

  • Could create a gap in society. “Designer” babies would most likely be better looking, smarter, etc.
  • Furthermore, the technology used is not 100% safe yet.
  • Possibility of damage to the gene pool
  • Only the rich can afford it

 

Side Topic : Euthenics

  • Euthenics is defined as  science of improving the  well-being of the human by improving the external factor of their environment

 

(Eugenics = Capitalist Ideology | Euthenics = Socialist Ideology => Genes nu badlan to changa vadia environment dedo taki lok develop ho jaan)

 

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