Internet of Things- UPSC
This article deals with ‘Internet of Things- UPSC.’ This is part of our series on ‘Science and Technology’ which is important pillar of GS-3 syllabus . For more articles , you can click here
What is Internet of Things?
- The internet of things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, vehicles and other items embedded with network connectivity that enable these objects to collect and exchange data with each other.
|Earlier||Internet of People|
|This||Internet of Things ie Things will use Internet to communicate with each other|
2019 Economic Survey :Government is considering 13-digit Machine to Machine (M2M) Numbering Plan for M2M communication
How is IoT achieved
- This is achieved by
- finely fabricated micro-controllers which are small computers themselves . They are used internally by various single board computers.
- Sensors to collect information
=> Sensors and Micro controllers together can make anything a thing in IoT.
Applications of IoT
- Healthcare Sector : IoT based devices can be used in combination with cardiac monitor to raise an alarm to the doctor in case of abnormality .
- Agriculture Sector : IoT can be used to gather live pedological data that can be used by scientists to improve yield of the land. It can also help in implementing precision agriculture.
- Transportation Sector : In early detection of wear and tear to prevent accidents + Self Driving Cars for real time decision etc
- Energy Management : Managing temperatures in Nuclear Power Plants using sensors and IoT
- IOT will help in providing virtual personal assistant to every person on the earth
Issues related to IoT
- Privacy : There is danger that these smart devices can be used to intrude into privacy of common people. Example of this came in Amazon Echo / Victor Collin case(2017 US) . Hence, IoT devices can be used by State Agencies opening up avenues for Orwellian levels of surveillance.
- High initial cost of setup and technology will not be equitable thus increasing the gap between haves and have nots.