Super Computer

Super Computer

This article deals with ‘Super Computer .’ This is part of our series on ‘Science and Technology’ which is important pillar of GS-3 syllabus . For more articles , you can click here

What is Super Computer?

  • Computer with Gigaflop capabilities
  • Currently American “Summit” is the fastest Computer. But China has most number of Supercomputers in Top 500
  • Uses : Where large processing power is required. Eg
    • Weather forecasting
    • Code breaking
    • Genetic analysis
    • Scientific research . Eg : at CERN
    • Data Mining & Big Data Analysis

National Supercomputing Mission

  • launched in 2015
  • Envisages empowering academic and R&D institutions by installing a supercomputing grid comprising of more than 70 high-performance computing (HPC) facilities. 
  • PARAM Shivay =>  first super computer built under this project designed & launched at IIT-BHU 
  • Under the mission, India has signed an agreement with French company Atos to designing and installing supercomputer named Bullsequana.

Supercomputers of India

  • Pratyush
  • Mihir
  • Sahastra T
  • TIFR Color Boson
  • Param

Pratyush and Mihir

  • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) has setup high performance computing (HPC) system consisting of two supercomputers Mihir and Pratyush (which can be connected with each other to solve high level computations)
    • Pratyush   at Indian Institute of Tropical Meterology, Pune  having capacity of 4 petaflops
    • Mihir at  National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida having capacity of 2.8 petaflops

=> giving a total capacity of 6.8 petaflops.

  • It is India’s first multi-petaflop supercomputer and is the fourth fastest super-computer in the world which is dedicated to weather and climate research after Japan, U.S.A.  and United Kingdom.
  • It will also take India up from the present 365th position to top 30 in the infrastructural ranking of Top 500 HPC facilities in the world.

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