Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

This article deals with ‘ Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality – UPSC.’ This is part of our series on ‘Science and Technology’ which is important pillar of GS-3 syllabus . For more articles , you can click here

Virtual Reality

  • Virtual reality (VR) is an artificial environment that is created with software and presented to the user in such a way that the user suspends belief and accepts it as a real environment. 
  • The simplest form of VR is a 3-D image that can be explored interactively at a personal computer
  • Virtual reality can be divided into:
    • The simulation of a real environment for training and education.
    • The development of an imagined environment for a game or interactive story.

Application

Virtual Reality and Augmented reality
Education VR can be used to make  study more interactive in the classroom. It will help in understanding concepts, for recreational activities etc.
Training The usage of VR in a training perspective is to allow professionals to conduct training in a virtual environment where they can improve upon their skills without the consequence of failing the operation.
Video Games The use of graphics, sound and input technology in video games can be incorporated into VR. 
Culture & Heritage Virtual reality enables heritage sites to be recreated extremely accurately . The original sites are often inaccessible to the public, or may even no longer exist.
Therapy The primary use of VR in a therapeutic role is its application to various forms of exposure therapy, including phobia treatments patients.
Business Opportunities Eg : Magic Bricks in their Mumbai Office have come up with VR technology where people will be shown and made to experience homes that Company is selling without taking clients to location

Augmented Reality

Augmented Reality is the integration of digital information with the user’s environment in real time. In simple terms , it means adding a layer of digital information on top of the physical world around us.

Application

Military A transparent display is positioned directly in the fighter pilots view, it shows information about altitude, speed etc
Museum Audio Guide given in Museums is also a form of AR=> Addition of Layer of Sound  
Google Glasses Person can get information on all the objects in his line of site apart from many other things
Medical During surgery, layer of information can be added which will help medical practitioner in taking correct decisions .

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