This article deals with ‘Vice President of India .’ This is part of our series on ‘Polity’ which is important pillar of GS-2 syllabus . For more articles , you can click here
- Modeled on American Vice President (although some differences are there).
- Rank = Second highest officer after President
Election process of Vice President
- Indirect election by specially constituted electoral college by System of Proportional Representation by Means of Single Vote Transferable
- **Electoral college consist of all the members of both Houses of Parliament**
Qualification to become Vice President
- Should hold office for 5 years (that of Raj Sabha member is 6 years) from time of entering office(vacancy may be by any cause)
- Can resign any time by addressing resignation letter to President
- Can be re-elected any number of times
- Removal doesn’t require impeachment. Can be removed by resolution passed with Absolute Majority of Rajya Sabha & approved by Lok Sabha( no one removed till date)
- All doubts can be inquired and decided by Supreme court only whose decision is final
- Can’t be challenged on ground that Electoral College was incomplete
- If election declared void, acts done by him before that are not invalidated
Powers & Functions
As ex officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
- Act as Speaker of Rajya Sabha and has all powers similar to speaker of Lok Sabha.
- Resemble to Vice president of USA in this respect.
Act as President when office falls vacant
- But can act as President maximum for 6 months & new President must be elected within that period. In USA, if office of President falls vacant, Vice President remains President for remaining tenure of office
- No significant function in his capacity & called ‘Superfluous Highness ‘